Current Liblicense Archive - Re: Arguments for Open Access to Research Results

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LIBLICENSE-L  March 2013

LIBLICENSE-L March 2013

Subject:

Re: Arguments for Open Access to Research Results

From:

LIBLICENSE <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

LibLicense-L Discussion Forum <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 19:23:12 -0400

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From: Jean-Claude Guédon <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Sun, 24 Mar 2013 21:46:00 -0400

You might want to look at the SciELO and Redalyc models in latin
America. Both are supported mainly by public money and some foundation
money.

An endowment is ideal, of course, but the vagaries of  politics and
priorities are not so different from the vagaries of the market,
except when oligopoles manage to work without having to pay much (if
any) attention to the market.

Jean-Claude Guédon
Professeur titulaire
Littérature comparée
Université de Montréal


Le dimanche 24 mars 2013 à 12:40 -0400, LIBLICENSE a écrit :

From: Sandy Thatcher <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Fri, 22 Mar 2013 00:15:09 -0500

I would be interested in knowing more about how OA models that do not
depend on authors paying manage to ensure that OA can be done more
cost efficiently than regular subscription-based publishing.

The example cited here is OpenEdition's Freemium program, which
charges libraries for extra services beyond the basic delivery of the
articles in OA form.

What assurances are there that library funding will be available, in
sufficient amounts, on an ongoing basis to cover the full costs of
running the OpenEdition operation?  In times when budgets are tight,
why should universities spend the money to get these extra services
when the basic information is all free anyway?

I note that the Centre that Mr. Dacos heads is supported by a
combination of government and private foundation money. Given that
both of these sources are subject to vagaries of politics and
priorities from year to year, how can these be considered stable
sources of long-term financing?

For my money, the only really sensible approach for sustaining OA over
time is to set it up on the basis of endowments, as the Stanford
Encyclopedia of Philosophy has done--a magnificent example of OA
publishing in the humanities, by the way.

Sandy Thatcher


> From: Marin Dacos <[log in to unmask]>
> Date: Thu, 21 Mar 2013 09:05:36 +0100
>
> Dear colleagues,
>
> The French newspaper Le Monde has published a public statement, signed
> by sixty members of the academic community (Presidents of
> universities, Librarians, Journals, publishers and researchers) under
> the title "Who is afraid of open access ?". The original paper is here
> : http://www.lemonde.fr/sciences/article/2013/03/15/qui-a-peur-de-l-open-acces_1848930_1650684.html
>
> More than 1500 people already signed this statement, calling for open
> access as fast as possible and asking for HSS taking leadership in
> this direction. It is now available in English :
> http://iloveopenaccess.org/arguments-for-open-access/
>
> You can sign it : http://iloveopenaccess.org/?page_id=329
>
> Best regards,
> Marin Dacos
> Director - OpenEdition
>
>
> Arguments for Open Access to Research Results
>
> In July 2012, the European Commission issued a recommendation on Open
> Access (i.e. free for the readers) publication of the results of
> publicly funded scientific research. The Commission believes that such
> a measure is necessary to increase the visibility of European research
> before 2020, by gradually suppressing the barriers between readers and
> scientific papers, after a possible embargo period from six to twelve
> months. Latin America has been benefiting from this approach for ten
> years after the development of powerful platforms for Open Access
> journals. Scielo and Redalyc, which together host almost 2000
> journals, have considerably increased their visibility thanks to their
> Open Access policy: the Brazilian portalScielo now has more traffic
> than the US-based JSTOR. Such examples show that Open Access changes
> the balance of power in a world dominated by groups which hold
> thousands of (mostly English-language) journals: it paves the way to
> what could be called a real "bibliodiversity", since it enables the
> emergence of a plurality of viewpoints, modes of publication,
> scientific paradigms, and languages.
>
> Some French editors of journals in the Humanities and Social Sciences
> (HSS) have expressed their concern with regard to this recommendation,
> which they saw as a threat to a vulnerable business model. However, a
> thorough assessment of the sector would be required to provide a true
> cost-benefit analysis: one should shed light on its funding sources
> and modes, both direct and indirect, public and private, and determine
> the roles the various actors play in this field, pinpointing the added
> value brought about by each of them.
>
> To be afraid of Open Access is, in our eyes, to commit oneself to a
> narrow - and in fact erroneous - vision of the future. If the HSS were
> set aside in a specific "reservation" today, they would become
> isolated and would ultimately become extinct. On the contrary, we
> think that the HSS can be at the forefront of this opening movement,
> precisely because there is an increasing social demand for their
> research results (we estimate the overall traffic on Cairn,
> OpenEdition, Erudit and Persée to be around 10 million visits per
> month!). The fears voiced by our friends and colleagues are largely
> groundless in this respect. Not only is the share of sales made
> outside of higher education and research institutions very small in
> the business models of HSS journals, which remain mostly directly or
> indirectly funded by public money, but there exist new business models
> capable of reinforcing the position of publishers without having the
> authors pay, as is demonstrated by the success of the Freemium
> programme developed by OpenEdition, a French initiative. Solutions to
> finance a high-quality open digital publication system are being
> invented and have started to prove their efficiency, as in the cases
> of Scielo, the Public Library of Science (PLOS), Redalyc or
> OpenEdition. It would be a disaster if the HSS were kept aside from
> this powerful and innovative movement which is bound to reshape our
> scientific landscape. Far from backing off, they must be among the
> leading disciplines in this movement, as they are in the Spanish- and
> Portuguese-speaking countries. The resistance to this evolution
> advocated by some of our colleagues seems to be a short-term strategy
> neglecting the potential benefits for science and education, as well
> as the democratisation of access to knowledge it will enable.
>
> According to us, this is not only an economic and commercial problem.
> Although the existence of an Elsevier-Springer-Wiley oligopoly exerts
> heavy pressure on university budgets and although the funding system
> of academic publishing should be rethought, generalised Open Access is
> first and foremost a matter of scientific policy. Knowledge cannot be
> treated as a commodity and its dissemination is more than ever a vital
> concern in our societies: we can work towards a revolutionary
> democratisation of access to research results. Knowledge behind
> barriers, which only the happy few working in the richest universities
> can access, is barren knowledge. It is confiscated, though produced
> thanks to public funding. In this debate, higher education and
> research institutions have akey role to play. The diffusion of
> knowledge and research results, their spreading among an audience as
> large as possible, is one of the missions of these institutions.
> Therefore a relevant scientific policy has to build public digital
> infrastructures, but  also needs to support innovative publishing
> policies aimed at fostering cross-disciplinary exchanges, new forms of
> writing, multilingualism and the broadest diffusion.
>
> Who is afraid of Open Access? Private access policies hinder the
> dissemination of ideas and is ill-suited to the new paradigms
> introduced by digital media. It is high time that we considered the
> Web as a unique opportunity in terms of innovation, the diffusion of
> knowledge and the emergence of new ideas.
>
> We are not afraid of Open Access. To take knowledge out of silos and
> beyond the boundaries of academic campuses is to open knowledge to
> everyone, acknowledge that it has a pivotal role to play in our
> societies and open up perspectives for collective growth.
>
> Do not be afraid of Open Access! It is now possible to establish a new
> scientific, publishing and business contract between researchers,
> publishers, libraries and readers in order to enter for good a society
> of shared, democratic knowledge.
>
> Marin Dacos - http://www.openedition.org
> Director - Centre for Open Electronic Publishing
>
> ** OpenEdition is now a Facility of Excellence (Equipex) **
> ** New email : [log in to unmask] **
>
> CNRS - EHESS - Aix-Marseille Université (AMU) - Université d'Avignon
> 3, place Victor Hugo, Case n°86, 13331 Marseille Cedex 3 - France
> Tél : 04 13 55 03 40 Tél. direct : 04 13 55 03 39 Fax : 04 13 55 03 41
> Skype : marin.dacos - Gmail video chat : [log in to unmask]
> Twitter : http://twitter.com/#!/marindacos

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